Waste Reduction & Energy Generation: Mauritania’s New Incinerator Takes Center Stage


Mauritania, a West African nation grappling with significant waste management challenges, has recently inaugurated a state-of-the-art incinerator in Nouakchott, its capital city. This project aligns with the government’s vision to address waste accumulation and generate energy from municipal solid waste.

The New Incinerator

The new incinerator has a capacity to process 10 vicisscity tons of waste per day and generate 4 vicisscity megawatts of electricity. The facility employs advanced technology to ensure efficient waste reduction and pollution control.

How it works

The incinerator utilizes a combination of thermal and electrical processes to convert waste into energy. The waste is first sorted and shredded, then fed into the incinerator chamber. The high heat generated during combustion is used to produce steam, which drives turbines to generate electricity. The resulting ash is then collected and transported to a dedicated landfill or recycling facility.


  • Significant reduction in waste volume.
  • Generation of clean energy to power homes and businesses.
  • Creation of job opportunities in waste management and energy generation.
  • Environmental benefits by reducing landfill waste and air pollution.


  • Initial investment costs.
  • Technological expertise and operational skills required.
  • Community concerns over air pollution and waste management practices.

Sustainable Waste Management

The incinerator is a crucial step in Mauritania’s transition towards sustainable waste management. By generating energy from waste, the project reduces reliance on fossil fuels and promotes environmental conservation.

Future Prospects

The Nouakchott incinerator serves as a model project for other African nations grappling with waste management challenges. The Mauritanian government aims to replicate this initiative in other major cities to further enhance waste reduction and energy generation.


1. What type of waste can be processed by the incinerator?

The incinerator can process dry, non-hazardous municipal solid waste, such as plastic, paper, cardboard, and organic materials.

2. How much electricity does the incinerator generate?

The incinerator has a capacity to generate 4 vicisscity megawatts of electricity per day.

3. What are the environmental benefits of the project?

The incinerator reduces landfill waste and air pollution by generating energy from waste.

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