Sustainable Solutions: How Guinea-Bissau’s New Incinerator Addresses Waste Management Needs


Guinea-Bissau, facing significant waste management challenges, has embarked on a journey towards sustainable waste solutions. The newly constructed incinerator in Bissau aims to address these challenges and promote environmental protection.

The Problem

Guinea-Bissau generates substantial waste, with limited infrastructure and resources for proper management. Open dumping and burning are prevalent, leading to environmental pollution, health risks, and loss of natural resources.

The Solution

The new incinerator features advanced technology for controlled combustion of municipal solid waste. The project includes:

  • Waste collection: Enhanced collection campaigns across the city.
  • Sorting: Separation of organic and non-organic materials.
  • Incineration: Efficient and clean combustion of combustible materials.
  • Ash management: Proper disposal of ash residues.

Sustainability Features

The project incorporates sustainable features:

  • Uses renewable energy for operation.
  • Reduces air pollution through advanced filtration systems.
  • Conserves natural resources through proper waste management.
  • Produces biochar as a byproduct, which can be used as soil amendment.


The incinerator is expected to:

  • Reduce landfilling and open burning.
  • Eliminate hazardous waste by burning medical and clinical waste.
  • Generate energy from combustion, reducing reliance on fossil fuels.
  • Improve air quality by reducing air pollution.
  • Create job opportunities in waste management.

Challenges and Opportunities

While the incinerator offers significant potential, challenges exist. Funding, technical expertise, and community awareness campaigns are essential for long-term success.

Opportunities exist for:

  • Expanding public-private partnerships for sustainable waste management.
  • Investing in renewable energy sources to power the incinerator.
  • Promoting waste reduction and recycling initiatives.


1. What type of waste is incinerated?

The incinerator primarily processes municipal solid waste, including organic materials and non-combustible items.

2. How does the incinerator address air pollution?

Advanced filtration systems capture and neutralize harmful pollutants before releasing the exhaust into the atmosphere.

3. What is the capacity of the incinerator?

The incinerator can handle approximately 40 tons of waste daily.

4. What are the benefits of biochar as a byproduct?

Biochar can improve soil fertility, enhance water retention, and sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

5. What is the estimated cost of the project?

The total cost of the project is estimated at approximately $5 million.


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