The Sudan Incinerator


The Sudan Incinerator is a proposed waste-to-energy plant located in Khartoum, Sudan. The plant aims to address the immense amount of solid waste generated in the city and transform it into energy. However, the project has faced significant controversy due to environmental concerns and lack of transparency.

Project Details:

  • Designed to incinerate 600 tonnes of waste daily.
  • Produces 12 megawatts of energy.
  • Expected to reduce landfill waste and air pollution.
  • Estimated cost: $500 million.


The project has drawn criticism on several grounds:

  • Environmental concerns:

    • Emissions of harmful pollutants like dioxins and furans.
    • Potential for air pollution and climate change.
    • Lack of environmental impact assessments.
  • Health risks:

    • Concerns over public health impacts of incineration technology.
    • Lack of transparent risk assessments.
  • Financing and governance:

    • Questionable funding sources and lack of public participation in decision-making.
    • Concerns over government transparency and accountability.

Controversy and Protests:

The project has been met with widespread protests from environmental groups, local communities, and some political figures. Critics argue that the plant violates environmental laws, poses significant health risks, and lacks public consent. These demonstrations and calls to action highlight the deep-seated anxieties regarding the project.


The fate of the Sudan Incinerator remains uncertain. The government has promised to address environmental concerns and provide more details about the project. However, skepticism and opposition persist, calling for alternative waste management solutions that prioritize sustainability and public participation.


1. What are the environmental concerns regarding the project?

  • Emissions of harmful pollutants, air pollution, and climate change potential.
  • Lack of environmental impact assessments.

2. How will the project address waste management in Khartoum?

  • Incineration will reduce landfill waste and potentially generate energy.

3. Why is there controversy surrounding the project?

  • Limited public participation, lack of transparency, and environmental concerns.

4. What is the estimated cost of the project?

  • Approximately $500 million.

5. What is the daily waste capacity of the incinerator?

  • 600 tonnes.


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