Mugombwa Refugee Camp, Zambia

The Mugombwa Refugee Camp is located in the Choma District of Zambia, approximately 24 kilometers from the border with Zimbabwe. It is a large refugee camp that hosts a significant number of refugees from various countries, including Zimbabwe, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Ethiopia.


The Mugombwa Refugee Camp was established in the 1990s during the Mozambican Civil War. It has since become a major refugee camp in Zambia, accommodating thousands of people seeking asylum from conflict and instability in their home countries.

Living Conditions:

The living conditions in Mugombwa Refugee Camp are challenging. Refugees live in crowded huts made of mud bricks and thatched roofs. These huts are often overcrowded, and the lack of adequate sanitation facilities and clean water can lead to health problems.


The camp has a range of facilities, including a hospital, a clinic, a school, and a marketplace. There is also a community center where refugees can gather to socialize and participate in cultural activities.


The camp has a school that provides education for refugee children. However, the school is facing challenges with overcrowding and a lack of resources.


The camp has a hospital and a clinic that provide basic healthcare services to refugees. However, the healthcare facilities are limited, and refugees often have to travel long distances to access specialized medical care.


The camp is guarded by a United Nations peacekeeper force. However, there have been reports of crime and security breaches in the camp.


Q: What is the current population of Mugombwa Refugee Camp?

A: As of 2023, the camp has a population of approximately 10,000 refugees.

Q: What are the main reasons for the refugees’ flight?

A: Refugees at Mugombwa Camp have fled their home countries due to conflict, instability, and human rights abuses.

Q: What is the living conditions like in Mugombwa Refugee Camp?

A: The living conditions in the camp are challenging, with overcrowded huts, a lack of adequate sanitation facilities, and a shortage of clean water.

Q: What are the main challenges facing refugees at Mugombwa Camp?

A: The main challenges facing refugees at Mugombwa Camp include overcrowding, a lack of resources, and the risk of crime and security breaches.

Q: What is the future outlook for Mugombwa Refugee Camp?

A: The future outlook for Mugombwa Refugee Camp is uncertain. The camp is likely to remain a major refugee camp for the foreseeable future, as long as there is conflict and instability in the region.


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