Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital Embarks on Waste Incineration Project to Combat Medical Waste

Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH), a leading healthcare institution in Mombasa, has embarked on a waste incineration project to address the growing challenge of medical waste management. The hospital recognized the need to implement sustainable and responsible waste management practices to protect both healthcare workers and the environment.

Problem of Medical Waste Management

Medical waste, including sharps, anatomical waste, and pharmaceutical waste, poses significant risks to healthcare workers and the community. Improper disposal of this waste can lead to exposure to infectious agents, causing harm to both patients and staff. Additionally, it poses environmental threats due to the presence of hazardous chemicals and pharmaceuticals that can contaminate soil and water sources.

Solution: Waste Incineration Project

To address these challenges, MTRH partnered with a reputable waste management company to implement a state-of-the-art waste incineration plant. The project involved the installation of a high-temperature incinerator equipped with advanced air pollution control systems to ensure compliance with environmental regulations.

Benefits of Incineration

  • Sterilization: Incineration effectively eliminates infectious agents, ensuring the safe disposal of medical waste.
  • Volume reduction: The process reduces the volume of waste by 95%, minimizing the space required for disposal.
  • Energy generation: The heat generated during incineration can be used to generate energy, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and contributing to sustainability.

Project Implementation

The project involved:

  • Installation of the incinerator and supporting infrastructure.
  • Training of hospital staff on safe handling and disposal of medical waste.
  • Development of a comprehensive waste management plan.
  • Regular monitoring and evaluation of the project’s effectiveness.

Future Prospects

MTRH envisions a future where healthcare facilities can manage medical waste responsibly and sustainably. The hospital hopes to inspire other healthcare institutions in the region to adopt similar initiatives.


1. What types of medical waste are incinerated?

  • Sharps
  • Anatomical waste
  • Pharmaceutical waste
  • Contaminated PPE

2. How does incineration protect the environment?

  • Advanced air pollution control systems capture harmful pollutants before release into the atmosphere.
  • Reduced volume of waste minimizes the environmental footprint.

3. What are the benefits of energy generation through incineration?

  • Reduces reliance on fossil fuels
  • Contributes to sustainability and energy independence


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