How Botswana is Using Incineration to Address Increasing Waste Generation

Incineration is a waste disposal method that involves burning waste in a controlled environment to reduce its volume and dispose of harmful substances. Botswana, a landlocked country in southern Africa, has been facing increasing waste generation challenges in recent years, and incineration has been a key solution implemented by the government to address this issue.

Reasons for Incineration in Botswana:

  • High Waste Generation: Botswana is experiencing rapid urbanisation and industrial growth, which has resulted in a significant increase in waste generation.
  • Lack of Landfill Space: The country has limited landfill space, and incineration offers a space-saving solution.
  • Sanitation Concerns: Incineration helps to reduce the stench and health hazards associated with improper waste disposal.
  • Environmental Impact: Incineration can reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills, which helps to protect the environment.

Incineration Facilities in Botswana:

The Botswana Unified Waste Management (BUWMA) has established several incineration facilities across the country, including:

  • Gaborone Incineration Plant
  • Francistown Incineration Plant
  • Molepolole Incineration Plant
  • Maun Incineration Plant

These facilities are equipped with modern technology to ensure efficient waste incineration and minimise environmental impact.

Challenges Faced by Incineration:

  • Air Pollution: Incineration can produce significant air pollution, which can have health impacts on nearby communities.
  • Dioxins and Furans: Incineration can produce toxic chemicals called dioxins and furans, which can contaminate soil and water sources.
  • Waste Composition: The composition of waste incinerated in Botswana is often complex, which can pose challenges for efficient incineration.

Future Outlook:

Botswana is committed to addressing the challenges associated with increasing waste generation. The government has implemented various initiatives, including:

  • Promoting waste reduction and recycling
  • Investing in composting and biogas production
  • Developing new technologies for waste disposal

These initiatives will help to reduce the reliance on incineration and create a more sustainable waste management system in Botswana.


Q: What are the main reasons for incineration in Botswana?
A: Incineration is used to address increasing waste generation, lack of landfill space, and sanitation concerns.

Q: What challenges are associated with incineration in Botswana?
A: The main challenges include air pollution, dioxin and furan production, and waste composition issues.

Q: What is the future outlook for waste management in Botswana?
A: Botswana is committed to reducing waste generation and investing in alternative waste disposal technologies.


Comments are closed

Recent Posts