Ethiopia’s New Incinerator Utilizes Cutting-edge Technology for Efficient Waste Combustion


Ethiopia, with its growing population and urbanization, faces significant waste management challenges. Traditional open burning and landfill practices pose environmental and health risks. To address this, the country has inaugurated a state-of-the-art incinerator in Addis Ababa, marking a transformative step in solid waste management.

Technological Advancements

The new incinerator incorporates advanced technologies to ensure efficient and environmentally friendly waste combustion. Key features include:

  • Selective non-catalytic oxidation (SNCO): Minimizing harmful emissions by oxidizing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and dioxins in the presence of oxygen and a catalyst.
  • Wet scrubbing system: Removing pollutants like sulfur oxides and heavy metals from flue gases.
  • Air pollution control system: Ensuring compliance with strict air quality regulations.
  • Energy generation: Recapturing heat from combustion to generate electricity.


The new incinerator provides numerous benefits:

  • Enhanced environmental protection: Reduced air pollution and soil contamination.
  • Improved public health: eliminating open burning risks.
  • Electricity generation: Providing a renewable energy source.
  • Waste reduction: Incineration significantly reduces the volume of waste.

Economic Impact

The project has been funded through public-private partnerships, fostering economic development and job creation. It also saves costs associated with traditional waste management practices.


Despite its benefits, the project faces challenges. Initial costs are high and skilled labor is required for operation and maintenance. Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms need strengthening to ensure environmental and social sustainability.

Sustainable Waste Management

The new incinerator is only a part of a holistic waste management strategy. Efforts are underway to promote waste reduction, recycling, and composting. The government envisions a future where waste is treated as a valuable resource.


1. What type of waste is incinerated?
The incinerator primarily deals with municipal solid waste.

2. How much waste can it process?
The incinerator has a capacity to process 80 viciss tonnes of waste per day.

3. What are the environmental benefits of the incinerator?
The advanced technologies minimize pollution and generate energy.

4 viciss of the project?
The project has generated job opportunities and saved costs associated with traditional waste management.

5. What is the long-term vision for waste management in Ethiopia?
The government aims to establish a sustainable waste management system through waste reduction, recycling, and resource recovery.


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