Boosting Public Health in Eritrea: New Diesel Oil Incinerator Combats Medical Waste


Ensuring efficient and sustainable management of medical waste is pivotal to public health and disease prevention. In Eritrea, a nation facing limited resources and infrastructure, innovative solutions are being implemented to tackle this critical challenge. One such solution is the installation of a new diesel oil incinerator to combat medical waste in Asmara, the capital city.

Problem Overview:

Eritrea grapples with limited healthcare facilities and infrastructure, leading to significant medical waste generation. Improper disposal of this waste poses severe health risks to communities. Open dumping and burning of medical waste have created environmental and health concerns, with potential for air and water pollution.

Diesel Oil Incinerator Solution:

The newly installed diesel oil incinerator uses high-temperature combustion to safely and effectively destroy hazardous medical waste. The incinerator has a capacity to process up to 80 kg of waste per hour, significantly reducing the volume of infectious waste.


  • Enhanced Public Health: Incineration eliminates the risk of disease transmission through contact with contaminated waste.
  • Environmental Protection: The process eliminates the presence of harmful pathogens and reduces environmental pollution.
  • Cost-effectiveness: The diesel oil-powered incinerator operates on readily available fuel, making it cost-efficient compared to other waste disposal methods.

Sustainability and Capacity Building:

To ensure sustainable operation of the incinerator, training programs are being conducted for healthcare workers and environmental personnel. Regular maintenance schedules are also being established to guarantee optimal performance. Additionally, public awareness campaigns are being implemented to educate the community on proper medical waste segregation and handling practices.


The installation of the new diesel oil incinerator in Asmara is a significant step in boosting public health in Eritrea. By effectively managing medical waste, the nation is creating a safer and healthier environment for its citizens.


1. What types of medical waste can be incinerated?

  • Infectious waste, sharps, contaminated consumables, and pharmaceutical waste.

2. What are the environmental regulations for medical waste incineration in Eritrea?

  • Strict environmental regulations and standards are in place to ensure safe and responsible incineration practices.

3. How does the incinerator address air pollution?

  • The incinerator is equipped with pollution control measures to minimize air pollution, such as particulate matter filters and emission control systems.

4. What measures are being taken to ensure community safety?

  • The incinerator is located in a designated and secure area, and measures are taken to prevent unauthorized access.


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